Things to Know Before Traveling to Estonia

Things to Know Before Traveling to Estonia

Things to Know Before Traveling to Estonia
Things to Know Before Traveling to Estonia

Estonia, a Baltic gem known for its rich history, captivating landscapes, and vibrant culture, is a destination worth exploring. From the charming streets of Tallinn to the picturesque countryside and the stunning Baltic coastline, Estonia offers travelers a diverse range of experiences. Before embarking on your journey to this enchanting country, knowing a few essential details is helpful. This article will guide you through important things to know before traveling to Estonia.

Visa Requirements

If you are a citizen of the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia, or New Zealand, you can enter Estonia visa-free for up to 90 days. Other nationalities should check with the Estonian embassy or consulate in their home country for visa requirements.

Best Time to Visit

Estonia Winter - Things to Know Before Traveling to Estonia

Estonia experiences distinct seasons, each with its own charm. The summer months of June to August are the most popular, with pleasant weather and long daylight hours. However, if you prefer fewer crowds and want to experience Estonia covered in snow, the winter months from December to February offer a unique and magical atmosphere.


The official language of Estonia is Estonian, which is closely related to Finnish. While Estonian is the dominant language, you will find that many locals, especially in tourist areas, speak English fluently. Russian is also widely spoken due to the country’s historical ties.

Currency and Payment

The official currency in Estonia is the Euro (EUR). Credit and debit cards are widely accepted in hotels, restaurants, and shops. However, it is advisable to carry some cash, especially if you plan to visit rural areas or smaller establishments.


Estonia has a well-developed transportation system, making getting around the country convenient. The capital city of Tallinn has an efficient public transportation network, including buses, trams, and trolleys. To explore the countryside, consider renting a car or using long-distance buses and trains.


Estonia is generally a safe country for travelers. Violent crimes are rare, but it’s always prudent to take standard safety precautions, such as keeping an eye on your belongings and avoiding poorly lit areas at night. It is also recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical expenses.

Internet Connectivity

Estonia is known for its advanced digital infrastructure; you will find reliable and widespread internet connectivity throughout the country. Most hotels, cafés, and public places offer free Wi-Fi, allowing you to stay connected during your travels.

Nature and Outdoor Activities

Lahemaa National Park - Estonia Nature and Outdoor Activities

Estonia boasts remarkable natural beauty, with over 50% of its land covered in forests, numerous lakes, and islands. Take the opportunity to explore the national parks, go hiking or camping, or enjoy water activities like kayaking or canoeing. Lahemaa National Park and Saaremaa Island are top-rated destinations.

Cultural Etiquette

Respect for local customs and traditions is essential when visiting Estonia. Greeting people with a firm handshake, maintaining eye contact during conversations, and removing your shoes when entering the home are customary. Tipping in restaurants is not mandatory, but appreciated if you receive exceptional service.

Unique Experiences

Don’t miss the chance to explore Tallinn’s Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with its well-preserved medieval architecture and cobblestone streets. Experience traditional Estonian cuisine, and try local dishes like black bread, herring, and kama. Lastly, indulge in the sauna culture, an essential part of Estonian life that offers relaxation and rejuvenation.

Estonia, with its blend of historic charm, natural beauty, and warm hospitality, is a destination that captivates the hearts of travelers. By familiarizing yourself with these essential aspects before your journey, you can make the most of your trip and fully immerse yourself in Estonia’s wonders. Prepare for a memorable adventure with picturesque landscapes, captivating history, and unforgettable cultural experiences.

Health and Medical Facilities

Estonia has a well-functioning healthcare system, and medical facilities are generally highly quality. EU citizens should carry their European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) for emergency medical treatment. Non-EU citizens should ensure they have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical expenses. Pharmacies are readily available, and common medications can be easily obtained.

Customs Regulations

When entering Estonia, know the customs regulations to avoid any issues. Certain items, such as firearms, drugs, and counterfeit goods, are strictly prohibited. It is advisable to check the official Estonian customs website or consult with the embassy or consulate of Estonia in your home country for specific guidelines.

 Festivals and Events

Estonia hosts numerous festivals and events annually, providing a glimpse into its vibrant culture and traditions. The Song and Dance Celebration, held every five years, is a remarkable event showcasing Estonian folk music, dance, and choral performances. The Tallinn Old Town Days, Parnu Film Festival, and Viljandi Folk Music Festival are just a few of the other notable events to consider when planning your visit.

Electrical Outlets

In Estonia, the standard electrical voltage is 230 volts, and the plugs and sockets are of the European type, with two round pins. If your electrical devices use a different voltage or plug type, you will need a voltage converter or a plug adapter.

Respect for Nature

Estonia takes great pride in its pristine natural environment. As a responsible traveler, it is crucial to respect nature and follow sustainable practices. Stay on designated hiking paths, dispose of waste properly, and avoid damaging or disturbing flora and fauna. By preserving Estonia’s natural beauty, you contribute to the country’s long-term sustainability.

Time Zone

Estonia operates on Eastern European Time (EET), GMT+2. During daylight saving time, from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October, the country follows Eastern European Summer (EEST), which is GMT+3.

Wi-Fi Access

As a tech-savvy country, Estonia offers widespread Wi-Fi access. In addition to public places, most hotels, cafés, and restaurants provide complimentary Wi-Fi for guests. This connectivity allows you to easily navigate the country, access online maps, and stay in touch with loved ones.

LGBTQ+ Rights

Estonia has made significant progress in LGBTQ+ rights and is considered one of the more tolerant countries in the region. Same-sex relationships are legally recognized, and discrimination based on sexual orientation is prohibited. Tallinn, in particular, has a vibrant LGBTQ+ scene with gay bars, clubs, and events.

Emergency Numbers

In case of an emergency, dial 112, the universal emergency number in Estonia. This number can be used for police, ambulance, and fire services.

Explore Beyond Tallinn

While Tallinn is undoubtedly a highlight of Estonia, consider venturing beyond the capital. Explore the beautiful coastal town of Parnu, visit the university town of Tartu, or venture to picturesque islands like Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. These destinations offer a different perspective on Estonian culture, history, and natural landscapes.

With its captivating blend of history, natural beauty, and warm hospitality, Estonia has much to offer the intrepid traveler. By familiarizing yourself with these key details before your trip, you’ll be well-prepared to embark on an adventure filled with rich cultural experiences, breathtaking landscapes, and unforgettable memories in this enchanting Baltic nation.

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